What is CBD?

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a molecule produced uniquely by resinous flowers of cannabis. CBD is a safe, non-addictive, non-psychoactive substance.

What is full spectrum CBD versus CBD isolate?

CBD isolate is often labeled as “pure CBD” or 99 to 100 percent CBD. As you may have guessed from the name, these products have been refined to isolate only the CBD compound with no extra cannabinoids, terpenes, or other natural plant components.

Full-spectrum CBD includes at least 100 other known cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds from the cannabis plant. Each cannabinoid has different effects on the body, and it is known that combining various cannabinoids can lead to a strengthened effect as opposed to CBD by itself. This synergy is referred to as the entourage effect and is thought to give CBD a much wider reach as far as health benefits.

All of Golden Apple Cannabis Co. products are made with full spectrum CBD.

What is a Cannabinoid?

Cannabinoids are a diverse class of chemical compounds that occur naturally in the human body (endocannabinoids) and in cannabis plants (phytocannabinoids).

Plant derived cannabinoids (phytocannabinoids) can act as a supplement to our naturally occurring endocannabinoids helping keep our body running in optimal balance.

What is the Endocannabinoid System?

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) refers to a collection of cell receptors and corresponding molecules that regulates processes such as sleep, mood, appetite, memory, and fertility. This was discovered in 1992 by researchers trying to discover how cannabis interacts with mammals. The scientists came across an unknown molecular signaling system within the body that is involved in regulating a broad range of biological functions.

This system was named the endocannabinoid system (ECS). It was later discovered that the ECS is present in all vertebrates—mammals, bird, reptiles, amphibians, fish, etc, – they all produce endocannabinoids!

The ECS performs multiple tasks, but the goal is always to maintain a stable environment despite fluctuations in the external environment. It is the system that creates homeostasis or balance within the body.

Can CBD get you high?

No. All our products have less than .3% THC, so only trace amounts, that have no psychoactive effects.

What is the difference between Marijuana and Hemp?

Marijuana and hemp are actually the same plant – they are both Cannabis. The only difference is government and regulatory classification. If a cannabis plant has less than .3% THC it is considered “hemp”. If a cannabis plant has more than .3% THC it is considered “marijuana”.

Does “Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil” in beauty products contain CBD?

Only products labeled with CBD or Hemp Oil contain CBD. The scientific name for hemp is Cannabis Sativa and with cannabis becoming more popular and less stigmatized, some brands are using the scientific name for Hemp Seed Oil – Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil – in their marketing. Check the ingredient list – if you only see Hemp or Cannabis Sativa SEED Oil listed, the product does not contain CBD!

What is the difference between hemp oil and hemp seed oil?

Hemp oil is CBD oil. It consists of resin extracted from hemp flowers and leaves, and contains cannabinoids and other compounds. Hemp seed oil, on the other hand, is pressed from the seeds of the plant, and contains NO CBD or cannabinoids. Hemp seed oil has been on the market for decades as a food and dietary supplement and is sometimes used in beauty and personal care products. Hemp seed oil does not have the same properties and benefits as Hemp oil/CBD oil.

What are Terpenes?

If you are familiar with “essential oils” you already have some experience with terpenes. Terpenes are compounds found in cannabis and many other plants, herbs, and fruits and are responsible for their aromas, flavor, and physiological effects.

What is the difference between terpenes and essential oils?

Simply speaking, essential oils are made up of a combination of terpenes. These terpenes give the various oils both their smell and therapeutic properties. Essential oils are renowned for their potency, but a pure collection of an individual terpene is even more powerful. Some terpenes are so effective that they can actually cause irritation if used improperly or in an excessive amount. As such, Golden Apple Cannabis Co. products should be used only in a professional and safe manner.

Do Terpenes contain cannabinoids?

No, terpenes do not have any cannabinoids in them. Cannabis is made up of hundreds of active chemical compounds. Cannabinoids and (most) terpenes develop in the resin glands, or trichomes, on the flower and leaves of cannabis plants. However, they are different classes of organic compounds.

What are terpenes used for?

Terpenes have many different uses from food flavoring, to perfumery, to therapeutic uses. We do partner with select cocktail bars and chefs who use terpenes in their creations for both flavor and effect. Also, terpenes are widely used with cannabis concentrates, both for dabbing and vaping. They are a common component in cannabis vape cartridges.

Can I mix Terpenes to my water or beverages?

You can definitely add terpenes to your water or beverage. Terpenes have been used as flavor ingredients and are safe to ingest when rated “Food Grade or GRAS”. “GRAS” is an acronym for the phrase Generally Recognized As Safe and refers to food additives.

While our terpenes can be safe to ingest, they must be diluted prior to use and should only be used by trained professionals.

Do terpenes have to be diluted prior to use?

Terpenes are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by experts and officials. However, they ABSOLUTELY SHOULD be mixed and diluted before ingestion. Terpenes are dangerous when consumed in a pure, concentrated form and must be handled with care for your own safety.

How should terpenes be mixed?

Use care when mixing, measuring, or using terpenes. Make sure you take a look at the percentage and figure out how much you need. Accuracy is important, the amount you use really depends on the how much final product you want and small discrepancies can drastically alter the flavor. To measure use precise instruments like pipettes, graduated cylinders, and burets to ensure the correct amount is added.

Do terpenes change my experience with cannabis?

Yes! Terpenes both modulate and potentiate cannabinoids. A groundbreaking 2011 paper by neurologist and researcher Ethan Russo described the way cannabinoids and terpenes work together to boost and modulate the effects of one another in the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). For a long time, THC was considered the only chemical of psychoactive importance in cannabis. Russo and team helped reveal how other cannabinoids (like CBD) and terpenes can either increase or decrease the effects of THC and other chemicals in the body that interact with the ECS.

What are the medical benefits of terpenes?

In 2011 paper by neurologist and researcher Ethan Russo it was revealed that terpenes “could produce synergy with respect to treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal and bacterial infections.”

The essential oils revolution has brought with it scientific research and awareness of the medical benefits of terpenes and aromatherapy. Nearly all of the major terpenes in cannabis are either analgesic (anti-pain) or anti-inflammatory.

General CBD and Cannabinoid Info

Project CBD


Phytecs Tour of the Endocannabinoid System:

Dr Ethan Russo / Phytecs


Cannabis Research:

International Association for Cannabinoid Medicines


Industry Associations:

Central Coast Cannabis Council:


California Cannabis Industry Association


National Cannabis Industry Association


Advocacy Organizations

National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML)


Marijuana Policy Project


Americans for Safe Access (ASA)


Still have questions?

Feel free to send us a message through our Contact Us page.