What is CBD?
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a medicinal compound found in the cannabis plant, a molecule produced uniquely by the resinous flowers of cannabis. CBD is a safe, non-addictive, non-psychoactive substance.
Besides CBD, more than one hundread other cannabinoids, and other natural plant components, like terpenes, have been discovered in cannabis plants and have shown remarkable therapeutic benefits and tremendous potential in medical applications. When consumed together, these compounds have been shown to work synergistically and increase the healing properties of one another.
The Endocannabinoid System
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) refers to a collection of cell receptors and corresponding molecules that regulates processes such as sleep, mood, appetite, memory, and fertility. The ECS performs multiple tasks, but the goal is always to maintain a stable environment despite fluctuations in the external environment. It is the system that creates homeostasis or balance within the body.
This was discovered in 1992 by researchers trying to discover how cannabis interacts with mammals. The scientists came across an unknown molecular signaling system within the body that is involved in regulating a broad range of biological functions.
The discovery of these receptors, resulted in the uncovering of naturally occurring neurotransmitters in the human body called endocannabinoids. It was later discovered that the ECS is present in all vertebrates—mammals, bird, reptiles, amphibians, fish, etc, – they all produce endocannabinoids!
Know Your Cannabinoids
Among the 500 or so natural components in cannabis, more than 100 are classified as phytocannabinoids. Each of these phytocannabinoids can provide multiple benefits to improving the health of the human body.
There are two different types of cannabiniods: endocannabinoids (what our body produces naturally) and phytocannabinoids (cannabinoids we can intake from cannabis and other plants). The most talked about cannabinoid right now is CBD, but other common or researched cannabinoids include the following:
Endocannabinoids (produced naturally within our bodies)
Impacts a host of physiological mechanisms, including appetite stimulation, mood fluctuation, pain management, and even fertility.
2-AG (2-arachidonoyl glycerol)
Is involved in the regulation of appetite, immune system functions, and pain management.
Phytocannabinoids (from cannabis and other plants)